Under no circumstances listened to about the Igbo Men and women of Jamaica? There is in point a group of people today in Jamaica named “Purple Ibo” for the reason that of the mild skinned mother nature of the primary Igbo slaves.
The “Red Ibo” or “Pink Eboe” was utilised to refer to the Igbo slaves in Jamaica mainly because of their gentle pores and skin. Igbo slaves were also distinguished bodily by their truthful or “yellow” skin tones. Today, in Jamaica, “red eboe” is employed to explain men and women with gentle pores and skin tones with African characteristics.
Originating principally from the Bight of Biafra in West Africa, Igbo folks had been taken in fairly large quantities to Jamaica as slaves, involving 1790 and 1809 throughout the transatlantic slave trade. In addition to Virginia, Jamaica was the next most common disembarkation stage for slave ships arriving from Biafra.
In the course of this interval, the culture and language of the Igbos diffused into the Jamaican tradition. 1 of the important results of this diffusion is the infusion of some Igbo terms into the Jamaican Patois.
Some of these words contain:
Unu– You individuals
Ima osu (Jamaica) Imu oso (Igbo)- to hiss by sucking your tooth
Akara (Jamaica) Akàrà (Igbo)– bean cake
Soso (Jamaica) Sọsọ (Igbo)- only
Also, the yam festival, Jonkonnu, in Jamaica, was introduced by the Igbos. In Nigeria, it is merely referred to as the New Yam Festival. There is a city allegedly named following them, the Ibu Town. Jonkonnu, a parade held in Jamaica, is attributed to the Njoku Ji “yam-spirit cult”, Okonko and Ekpe of the Igbo.
The Igbo also affected the tradition with actions these types of as “sucking-teeth” coming from the Igbo “ima osu” and “cutting-eye” from Igbo “iro anya”.
From Jamaica’s record, the Igbos influenced the culture, audio, the pouring of libation, the “ibo” design and style, idioms, language and way of lifestyle of the Jamaicans.
The Jamaicans are so akin to the approaches of the Igbos this kind of that it is not unusual to see Jamaicans look at Igbo Nollywood films. Some of their rural spots acquire immediately after the Igbo’s in Eastern Nigeria.
We can’t communicate about Igbo slave historical past with no speaking about Olaudah Equiano, an Igbo slave who grew to become literate and was one of the initially to doc his experiences in a guide. He turned an formal and was really instrumental in protecting regulation and purchase among the Igbos in Jamaica during the 1776 Mosquito Shore Plan. He is also regarded as becoming 1 of the campaigners of the abolition of slave trade.
Igbo slaves ended up identified to resist enslavement somewhat than revolt. Many of them committed suicide for the reason that they considered just after demise, they would return to their homeland. This suicide built most slave traders sceptical of getting them as slaves.
One particular of the most well-known resistances is the Igbo Landing, wherever about 75 slaves took over their boat and matched again into the h2o singing and chanting in Igbo. This was in Ga.
In Jamaica, the Black River Revolt plot which associated 250 Igbo adult males who conspired to eliminate just about every white gentleman in the land. When they unsuccessful, their epic track for liberty rang superior:
“Oh me good good friend, Mr Wilberforce, make we no cost!
God Almighty thank ye! God Almighty thank ye!
God Almighty, make we free!
Buckra in this state no make we cost-free:
What Negro for to do? What Negro for to do?
Just take pressure by pressure! Get power by pressure!
To be sure! to be certain! to be guaranteed!”
“Buckra” was a expression launched by Igbo and Efik slaves in Jamaica to refer to white slave house owners and overseers.
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